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How many countries in Africa? - List of 54 Countries in Africa

There are 54 countries in Africa today, according to the United Nations. The full list is shown in the table below, with subregion and current population. Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia. At about 30.3 million sq km including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of its land area.

Location Map of Dubai

List of 54 Countries in Africa Map
The map showing 54 countries in Africa.

This is a list of African countries and dependent territories sorted by population.

List of Countries in Africa and their subregions

#CountryRegionPopulation (2020)
1AlgeriaNorthern Africa43,851,044
2AngolaMiddle Africa32,866,272
3BeninWestern Africa12,123,200
4BotswanaSouthern Africa2,351,627
5Burkina FasoWestern Africa20,903,273
6BurundiEastern Africa11,890,784
7Cabo VerdeWestern Africa555,987
8CameroonMiddle Africa26,545,863
9Central African RepublicMiddle Africa4,829,767
10ChadMiddle Africa16,425,864
11ComorosEastern Africa869,601
12CongoMiddle Africa5,518,087
13Côte d'IvoireWestern Africa26,378,274
14DjiboutiEastern Africa988,000
15DR CongoMiddle Africa89,561,403
16EgyptNorthern Africa102,334,404
17Equatorial GuineaMiddle Africa1,402,985
18EritreaEastern Africa3,546,421
19EswatiniSouthern Africa1,160,164
20EthiopiaEastern Africa114,963,588
21GabonMiddle Africa2,225,734
22GambiaWestern Africa2,416,668
23GhanaWestern Africa31,072,940
24GuineaWestern Africa13,132,795
25Guinea-BissauWestern Africa1,968,001
26KenyaEastern Africa53,771,296
27LesothoSouthern Africa2,142,249
28LiberiaWestern Africa5,057,681
29LibyaNorthern Africa6,871,292
30MadagascarEastern Africa27,691,018
31MalawiEastern Africa19,129,952
32MaliWestern Africa20,250,833
33MauritaniaWestern Africa4,649,658
34MauritiusEastern Africa1,271,768
35MoroccoNorthern Africa36,910,560
36MozambiqueEastern Africa31,255,435
37NamibiaSouthern Africa2,540,905
38NigerWestern Africa24,206,644
39NigeriaWestern Africa206,139,589
40RwandaEastern Africa12,952,218
41Sao Tome & PrincipeMiddle Africa219,159
42SenegalWestern Africa16,743,927
43SeychellesEastern Africa98,347
44Sierra LeoneWestern Africa7,976,983
45SomaliaEastern Africa15,893,222
46South AfricaSouthern Africa59,308,690
47South SudanEastern Africa11,193,725
48SudanNorthern Africa43,849,260
49TanzaniaEastern Africa59,734,218
50TogoWestern Africa8,278,724
51TunisiaNorthern Africa11,818,619
52UgandaEastern Africa45,741,007
53ZambiaEastern Africa18,383,955
54ZimbabweEastern Africa14,862,924

Dependencies or other territories in Africa

#TerritoryDependency ofPopulation
2Western Sahara(disputed)597,339
4Saint HelenaU.K.6,077

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