Africa is the world's second-largest (after Asia) and second-most populous continent with a total area of around 11.73 million square miles. The map of Africa shows the 54 sovereign countries with their boundaries and water bodis. Africa Continent is bounded by the Indian Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.
Political Map of Africa
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About Map of Africa
The Africa Political Map shows 54 independent countries and two disputed areas, namely Somaliland and Western Sahara with their poltical boundaries of the continent. Africa is a continent south of Europe, surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean and Indian Ocean.
Africa, the planet's second-largest continent and the second-most populous continent includes 54 individual countries, as well as Western Sahara, a member state of the African Union whose statehood is disputed by. Africa accounts for just over 14% of the world's human population. It also contains the Nile River system, the world's longest, and the massive Sahara Desert, the world's largest.
Also Check African Countries and Capitals List
Africa is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both the Suez Canal and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
The continent straddles the equator and encompasses numerous climate areas, and is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones. Africa covers a total land area of almost 30.2 million square kilometers. That's more than one-fifth of the world's land area. Over one billion people inhabit it, making it sustain 14.72% of the entire world's population.
Over 2,000 languages are spoken here (according to UNESCO), and you'd be hard pressed to find a more ethnically diverse land. Some of the major language-groups are: Afro-Asiatic, Nilo-Saharan, Niger-Congo, and the Koshian. There are discrepancies regarding the religious make-up, although the Encyclopedia Britannica says that 45% people are Christians and 40% Muslims.
Africa is still the poorest and least developed continent in the world, despite having an abundance of natural resources. This is due to a number of factors, such as ineffective central planning, high levels of illiteracy, low self-esteem, limited access to foreign capital, remnants of colonialism, the slave trade, and the Cold War, as well as frequent tribal and military conflict. Its overall nominal GDP continues to lag behind that of the US, China, Japan, Germany, UK, India, and France. The worst 24 countries in the 2003 United Nations Human Development Report were all African.
A significant segment of the population on the African continent suffers from poverty, illiteracy, malnutrition, insufficient water supply and sanitation, as well as bad health. The World Bank released updated estimates of world poverty in August 2008 based on a new global poverty line of $1.25 per day. In 2005, 81% of people in Sub-Saharan Africa lived on less than $2.50 a day, compared to 86% of people in India.
Africa is currently in danger of incurring debt once more, particularly Sub-Saharan African nations. The strategy for heavily indebted developing countries helped to end the most recent debt crisis in 2005. (HIPC). The HIPC has both beneficial and detrimental consequences on the African economy. Zambia experienced a debt crisis again about 10 years after Sub-Saharan Africa's debt crisis of 2005 was resolved. A minor factor was the decline in copper prices in 2011, but the main factor was the elite's misappropriation or waste of a substantial portion of Zambia's borrowed funds. Of the three major southerly excursions from the Earth's greatest landmass, Africa is the largest. The Isthmus of Suez, which is 163 km (101 mi) wide, connects Asia to Europe at its northeastern extremity, and is divided from Europe by the Mediterranean Sea. Geographically, the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt, which is east of the Suez Canal, is frequently seen as a part of Africa.
Algeria is the biggest country in Africa, whereas Seychelles, an archipelago off the east coast, is the smallest. The Gambia is the tiniest nation on the continent.
Largest Cities in Africa
List of Countries in Africa
|5||Burkina Faso||20,903,273||Western Africa|
|7||Cabo Verde||555,987||Western Africa|
|9||Central African Republic||4,829,767||Middle Africa|
|13||Côte d'Ivoire||26,378,274||Western Africa|
|15||DR Congo||89,561,403||Middle Africa|
|17||Equatorial Guinea||1,402,985||Middle Africa|
|41||Sao Tome & Principe||219,159||Middle Africa|
|44||Sierra Leone||7,976,983||Western Africa|
|46||South Africa||59,308,690||Southern Africa|
|47||South Sudan||11,193,725||Eastern Africa|
List of Dependencies or Territories in Africa
|#||Territory||Population 2020||Dependency of|
Largest Cities in Africa
|1||Kinshasa||Democratic Republic of the Congo||15,628,085|
|6||Dar es Salaam||Tanzania||7,404,689|
|13||Cape Town||South Africa||4,800,954|
|16||East Rand (Ekurhuleni)||South Africa||4,045,000|
|26||Durban (eThekwini)||South Africa||3,199,329|
Africa Continent Facts
|Area||30,370,000 km2 (11,730,000 sq mi) (2nd)|
|Population||1,393,676,444 (2021; 2nd)|
|Languages||1250-3000 native languages|
|Religions||Christianity (49%); Islam (42%); Traditional faiths (8%); Others (1%);|
|Population||1,393,676,444 (2021; 2nd)|
|GDP per capita||$2,180 (2022 est; 6th)|
|Population density||46.1/km2 (119.4/sq mi) (2021)|
|GDP (PPP)||$8.05 trillion (2022 est; 4th)|
|Time zones||UTC-1 to UTC+4|
|Largest cities||Cairo, Lagos, Kinshasa, Johannesburg, Luanda, Khartoum, Dar es Salaam, Abidjan, Alexandria, Kigali, Nairobi, Algiers|
|Coastline||26,000 km (16,000 mi) long|
|Horn of Africa (HoA) Country||Horn of Africa (Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya)|
|Largest countries in Africa||Algeria 2.382 million km²|
|Smallest Countries In Africa||Seychelles|
|Most populated country in africa||Nigeria , with Population of 206,139,589 people in 2020.|
|Least populated country in africa||Seychelles, With a population of 99,105 people in 2021|
|Poorest Countries in Africa||GDP per capita, PPPin 2020|
Central African Republic ($980)
Democratic Republic of the Congo ($1,131)
|Richest African Countries||GDP per capita, PPPin 2021|
Egypt - $1.38 trillion
Nigeria - $1.14 trillion
South Africa - $861.93 billion
Algeria - $532.57 billion
Morocco - $302.77 billion
Ethiopia - $298.57 billion
Kenya - $269.29 billion
Angola - $217.97 billion
Ghana - $193.63 billion
Sudan - $189.87 billion
|Highest point in Africa||Mount Kilimanjaro, located in Tanzania, highest peak at 5,895 meters (19,340 feet)|
Organization in Africa
|African UnionOrganisation of African Unity||African Science Academy||Non-Aligned Movement|
|Southern African Development Community||Union of African States||Organisation of Islamic Cooperation|
|Economic Community of West African States||African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States||Commonwealth of Nations|
|African Union Commission||African and Malagasy Union||Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention|
|Regional Economic Communities||Bridge2Rwanda Scholars Program||Amref Health Africa|
|Charter of the Organization of African Unity||The Aga Khan Academy, Mombasa||African Political Organization|
|African Continental Free Trade Area||European Centre for Development Policy Management||Madrassah In'aamiyyah Camperdown|
|Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa||Mano River Union||African Studies Association|
|Economic Community of Central African States||Frontline States||United States African Development Foundation|
|African National Congress||ILO Regional Office for Africa||Enda Third World|
|United Nations Economic Commission for Africa||Education in Africa||People's United Democratic Movement|
|TransAfrica||African Development Bank||East African Community|
|Abaarso School of Science and Technology||United Nations Development Programme||Africa Health Organisation (Aho)|
|Waterford Kamhlaba United World College||African Economic Community||Mande Studies Association|
|African Leadership Academy||World Food Programme||Association for the Study of Classical African Civilizations|
|The School of St Jude, Sisia Campus||Organisation of African Trade Union Unity||Association of Concerned Africa Scholars|