Africa Map, Map of Africa

Africa is the world's second-largest (after Asia) and second-most populous continent with a total area of around 11.73 million square miles. The map of Africa shows the 54 sovereign countries with their boundaries and water bodis. Africa Continent is bounded by the Indian Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.

Political Map of Africa

Africa Map - Map of Africa showing 54 sovereign Countries
About Map: Africa map showing political divisions and countries.
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About Map of Africa

The Africa Political Map shows 54 independent countries and two disputed areas, namely Somaliland and Western Sahara with their poltical boundaries of the continent. Africa is a continent south of Europe, surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean and Indian Ocean.

Africa, the planet's second-largest continent and the second-most populous continent includes 54 individual countries, as well as Western Sahara, a member state of the African Union whose statehood is disputed by. Africa accounts for just over 14% of the world's human population. It also contains the Nile River system, the world's longest, and the massive Sahara Desert, the world's largest.

Also Check African Countries and Capitals List

Africa is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both the Suez Canal and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.

The continent straddles the equator and encompasses numerous climate areas, and is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones. Africa covers a total land area of almost 30.2 million square kilometers. That's more than one-fifth of the world's land area. Over one billion people inhabit it, making it sustain 14.72% of the entire world's population.

Over 2,000 languages are spoken here (according to UNESCO), and you'd be hard pressed to find a more ethnically diverse land. Some of the major language-groups are: Afro-Asiatic, Nilo-Saharan, Niger-Congo, and the Koshian. There are discrepancies regarding the religious make-up, although the Encyclopedia Britannica says that 45% people are Christians and 40% Muslims.

Africa is still the poorest and least developed continent in the world, despite having an abundance of natural resources. This is due to a number of factors, such as ineffective central planning, high levels of illiteracy, low self-esteem, limited access to foreign capital, remnants of colonialism, the slave trade, and the Cold War, as well as frequent tribal and military conflict. Its overall nominal GDP continues to lag behind that of the US, China, Japan, Germany, UK, India, and France. The worst 24 countries in the 2003 United Nations Human Development Report were all African.

A significant segment of the population on the African continent suffers from poverty, illiteracy, malnutrition, insufficient water supply and sanitation, as well as bad health. The World Bank released updated estimates of world poverty in August 2008 based on a new global poverty line of $1.25 per day. In 2005, 81% of people in Sub-Saharan Africa lived on less than $2.50 a day, compared to 86% of people in India.

Africa is currently in danger of incurring debt once more, particularly Sub-Saharan African nations. The strategy for heavily indebted developing countries helped to end the most recent debt crisis in 2005. (HIPC). The HIPC has both beneficial and detrimental consequences on the African economy. Zambia experienced a debt crisis again about 10 years after Sub-Saharan Africa's debt crisis of 2005 was resolved. A minor factor was the decline in copper prices in 2011, but the main factor was the elite's misappropriation or waste of a substantial portion of Zambia's borrowed funds. Of the three major southerly excursions from the Earth's greatest landmass, Africa is the largest. The Isthmus of Suez, which is 163 km (101 mi) wide, connects Asia to Europe at its northeastern extremity, and is divided from Europe by the Mediterranean Sea. Geographically, the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt, which is east of the Suez Canal, is frequently seen as a part of Africa.

Algeria is the biggest country in Africa, whereas Seychelles, an archipelago off the east coast, is the smallest. The Gambia is the tiniest nation on the continent.

Largest Cities in Africa

Largest cities of the Africa are: Cairo, Johannesburg, Cape Town, Lagos, Kinshasa, Luanda, Khartoum, Dar es Salaam, Abidjan, Alexandria, Nairobi, Kano, Dakar, Addis Ababa, Casablanca

List of Countries in Africa

S.NoCountryPopulation 2020Subregion
1Algeria43,851,044Northern Africa
2Angola32,866,272Middle Africa
3Benin12,123,200Western Africa
4Botswana2,351,627Southern Africa
5Burkina Faso20,903,273Western Africa
6Burundi11,890,784Eastern Africa
7Cabo Verde555,987Western Africa
8Cameroon26,545,863Middle Africa
9Central African Republic4,829,767Middle Africa
10Chad16,425,864Middle Africa
11Comoros869,601Eastern Africa
12Congo5,518,087Middle Africa
13Côte d'Ivoire26,378,274Western Africa
14Djibouti988,000Eastern Africa
15DR Congo89,561,403Middle Africa
16Egypt102,334,404Northern Africa
17Equatorial Guinea1,402,985Middle Africa
18Eritrea3,546,421Eastern Africa
19Eswatini1,160,164Southern Africa
20Ethiopia114,963,588Eastern Africa
21Gabon2,225,734Middle Africa
22Gambia2,416,668Western Africa
23Ghana31,072,940Western Africa
24Guinea13,132,795Western Africa
25Guinea-Bissau1,968,001Western Africa
26Kenya53,771,296Eastern Africa
27Lesotho2,142,249Southern Africa
28Liberia5,057,681Western Africa
29Libya6,871,292Northern Africa
30Madagascar27,691,018Eastern Africa
31Malawi19,129,952Eastern Africa
32Mali20,250,833Western Africa
33Mauritania4,649,658Western Africa
34Mauritius1,271,768Eastern Africa
35Morocco36,910,560Northern Africa
36Mozambique31,255,435Eastern Africa
37Namibia2,540,905Southern Africa
38Niger24,206,644Western Africa
39Nigeria206,139,589Western Africa
40Rwanda12,952,218Eastern Africa
41Sao Tome & Principe219,159Middle Africa
42Senegal16,743,927Western Africa
43Seychelles98,347Eastern Africa
44Sierra Leone7,976,983Western Africa
45Somalia15,893,222Eastern Africa
46South Africa59,308,690Southern Africa
47South Sudan11,193,725Eastern Africa
48Sudan43,849,260Northern Africa
49Tanzania59,734,218Eastern Africa
50Togo8,278,724Western Africa
51Tunisia11,818,619Northern Africa
52Uganda45,741,007Eastern Africa
53Zambia18,383,955Eastern Africa
54Zimbabwe14,862,924Eastern Africa

List of Dependencies or Territories in Africa

#TerritoryPopulation 2020Dependency of
2Western Sahara597,339(disputed)
4Saint Helena6,077U.K.

Largest Cities in Africa

Largest cities of the Africa are: Cairo, Johannesburg, Cape Town, Lagos, Kinshasa, Luanda, Khartoum, Dar es Salaam, Abidjan, Alexandria, Nairobi, Kano, Dakar, Addis Ababa, Casablanca

1KinshasaDemocratic Republic of the Congo15,628,085
6Dar es SalaamTanzania7,404,689
8JohannesburgSouth Africa6,065,354
9AbidjanCôte d'Ivoire5,515,790
11Addis AbabaEthiopia5,227,794
13Cape TownSouth Africa4,800,954
16East Rand (Ekurhuleni)South Africa4,045,000
25Port HarcourtNigeria3,324,694
26Durban (eThekwini)South Africa3,199,329
27OuagadougouBurkina Faso3,055,788

Africa Continent Facts

Area30,370,000 km2 (11,730,000 sq mi) (2nd)
Population1,393,676,444 (2021; 2nd)
Languages1250-3000 native languages
ReligionsChristianity (49%); Islam (42%); Traditional faiths (8%); Others (1%);
Population1,393,676,444 (2021; 2nd‎)‎
GDP per capita$2,180 (2022 est; 6th)
Population density46.1/km2 (119.4/sq mi) (2021)
GDP (PPP)$8.05 trillion (2022 est; 4th)
Time zonesUTC-1 to UTC+4
Largest citiesCairo, Lagos, Kinshasa, Johannesburg, Luanda, Khartoum, Dar es Salaam, Abidjan, Alexandria, Kigali, Nairobi, Algiers
Coastline26,000 km (16,000 mi) long
Horn of Africa (HoA) CountryHorn of Africa (Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya)
Largest countries in AfricaAlgeria 2.382 million km²
Smallest Countries In Africa Seychelles
Most populated country in africaNigeria , with Population of 206,139,589 people in 2020.
Least populated country in africaSeychelles, With a population of 99,105 people in 2021
Poorest Countries in AfricaGDP per capita, PPPin 2020
Burundi ($771)
Somalia ($875)
Central African Republic ($980)
Democratic Republic of the Congo ($1,131)
Niger ($1,263)
Mozambique ($1,297)
Liberia ($1,428)
Malawi ($1,568)
Madagascar ($1,593)
Chad ($1,603)
Richest African CountriesGDP per capita, PPPin 2021
Egypt - $1.38 trillion
Nigeria - $1.14 trillion
South Africa - $861.93 billion
Algeria - $532.57 billion
Morocco - $302.77 billion
Ethiopia - $298.57 billion
Kenya - $269.29 billion
Angola - $217.97 billion
Ghana - $193.63 billion
Sudan - $189.87 billion
Highest point in AfricaMount Kilimanjaro, located in Tanzania, highest peak at 5,895 meters (19,340 feet)

Organization in Africa

African UnionOrganisation of African UnityAfrican Science AcademyNon-Aligned Movement
Southern African Development CommunityUnion of African StatesOrganisation of Islamic Cooperation
Economic Community of West African StatesAfrican, Caribbean and Pacific Group of StatesCommonwealth of Nations
African Union CommissionAfrican and Malagasy UnionAfrica Centres for Disease Control and Prevention
Regional Economic CommunitiesBridge2Rwanda Scholars ProgramAmref Health Africa
Charter of the Organization of African UnityThe Aga Khan Academy, MombasaAfrican Political Organization
African Continental Free Trade AreaEuropean Centre for Development Policy ManagementMadrassah In'aamiyyah Camperdown
Council for the Development of Social Science Research in AfricaMano River UnionAfrican Studies Association
Economic Community of Central African StatesFrontline StatesUnited States African Development Foundation
African National CongressILO Regional Office for AfricaEnda Third World
United Nations Economic Commission for AfricaEducation in AfricaPeople's United Democratic Movement
TransAfricaAfrican Development BankEast African Community
Abaarso School of Science and TechnologyUnited Nations Development ProgrammeAfrica Health Organisation (Aho)
Waterford Kamhlaba United World CollegeAfrican Economic CommunityMande Studies Association
African Leadership AcademyWorld Food ProgrammeAssociation for the Study of Classical African Civilizations
The School of St Jude, Sisia CampusOrganisation of African Trade Union UnityAssociation of Concerned Africa Scholars
Last Updated: March 08, 2023