Map of Florida - Florida also known as the Sunshine State, is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by Alabama, to the north by Georgia, and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean.
Map of Florida (FL) State With Ctitis, Highways, Rails
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About Florida State
Florida is located in the southeastern portion of the United States. With two time zones (UTC -6:00 / -5:00 CT & UTC -5:00 / -4:00 ET), the state experiences varied climates all throughout the region. It has the longest coastline in the country, due to its borders - which are the Gulf of Mexico to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the straits of Florida to the south.
The southern part of the state is characterized by its large Hispanic community, with Miami being the largest Latin city in the world found north of Mexico. The state is the 3rd most populous state in the nation, with a population of over 21 million and the 8th most densely populated. It covers an area of Spanning 65,758 square miles (170,310 km2). There are 67 counties, 267 cities, 123 towns, and 21 villages in the U.S. state of Florida, a total of 411 incorporated municipalities.
Geography of Florida
Its borders are Alabama and Georgia to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Gulf of Mexico to the west, and the straits of Florida to its south. Its close proximity to the Bahamas and South American countries has created a unique culture that is quintessentially Florida, which is evident in the city of Miami.
Florida State Facts
|Abbreviation||FL, Fla. US-FL|
|State Flower||Orange Blossom|
|Joined the Union||March 3, 1845 (27th)|
|Area||65,755 sq mi(170,304 km2) [Rank - 22nd]|
|Timezone||UTC -5.00 CDT (Exampel city- Pensacola) |
UTC -4.00 EDT (Example City -Miami)
|Population||21,538,187 (2020 Census) - 3rd|
|Highest Point||Britton Hill|
|Lowest Point||Atlantic Ocean|
|Airports||Orlando International Airport- MCO (Orlando), Miami International Airport - MIA (Miami), Fort Lauderdale- Hollywood Int'l Airport -FLL (Fort Lauderdale), Tampa International Airport - TPA (Tampa), Southwest Florida International Airport - RSW (Fort Myers), Palm Beach International Airport - PBI (West Palm Beach), Jacksonville International Airport - JAX (Jacksonville)|
|Intercity rail||Brightline, Amtrak, rapid transit, commuter rail & intercity rail|
|Major Sports Team||3 NFL teams, 2 MLB teams, 2 NBA teams, 2 NHL teams, and 2 MLS teams|
History of Florida
Its highest point is Britton Hill, which sits at 345 feet above sea level, making it the lowest high point in the entire country. It has a total of 19 metropolitan areas, with Miami being the largest in the state, and that of the entire southeast United States.
The first inhabitants of the state were the Paleo-Indians believed to reside in the region about 14,000 years ago, as archaeological evidence shows. When the first Europeans arrived in Florida in the 16th century, several American Indians settled in the region, some of which were the Apalache, the Tocobaga, Timucua, Calusa, and Tequesta. Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon is credited for being the first European to set foot in the region on April 2, 1513. He named the land La Florida, which means Flowery Land, due to the abundance of vegetation that was in bloom when he arrived during Easter.
Over the following hundred years, Florida was settled by the Spanish and the French. Great Britain was able to gain control over the region after the French were defeated and the Peace of Paris was implemented in 1763. Great Britain decided to separate the state to East Florida and West Florida.
The Spanish regained control over the 2 regions after the defeat of Britain by the colonies of America. By 1819, the East and West Florida regions were given to the United States for $5 million under the Adams-Onis Treaty, and became one single region once again. Florida achieved statehood on March 3, 1845.
Economy of Florida
Tourism is the biggest industry in Florida, followed by the agriculture sector. Florida's tourism consists of the best amusement parks in the world, high end beach front resorts, and national parks. The state is the biggest producers of citrus fruit, specifically oranges- which the state is known for. Other important industries include construction, life sciences, biomedicine, and international banking.
Travel Destinations in Florida
Over 60 million people visit the state each year. Due to its warm weather and hundreds of miles of coastline, people from all over the country and the world visit the state for its many tourist offerings. Among these popular tourist destinations are the amusement parks in Orlando, such as the Universal Orlando Resort, the Busch Gardens, and SeaWorld. Walt Disney World Resort is also located at Lake Buena Vista, contributing a major part in the state's tourism industry. It is the largest vacation resort in the entire world, complete with 4 major theme parks and over 20 hotels. Popular cities to visit are definitely Miami and St. Augustine. For the young tourist who wants to enjoy the best nightlife and art scene in the state, Miami boasts of vibrant cultures, beautiful beaches, a lively atmosphere in South Beach, art festivals, and its famous art deco architecture found all around the city.
For the tourist who wants a little bit of history, the city of St. Augustine offers cobble-stone streets, charming cafes and restos, museums, and horse-drawn carriages found in its Historic Center. Established in 1565 by the Spaniards, this city is the oldest continuous settlement in the country.
Regions of Florida
Florida's land is divided into eight regions: Florida Panhandle, North Central Florida, Northeast Florida, Central West Florida, Central Florida, Central East Florida, Southwest Florida and South Florida.
|Florida Panhandle||North Central Florida||Northeast Florida||Central West Florida|
|Emerald Coast||Big Bend||First Coast||Nature Coast|
|Forgotten Coast||Nature Coast||Jacksonville metropolitan area||Tampa Bay Area|
|North Florida||North Florida||North Florida||Florida Suncoast|
|Pensacola metropolitan area||Gainesville metropolitan area||Central Florida|
|Tallahassee metropolitan area||Greater Orlando|
|Central East Florida||Central Florida||Southwest Florida||South Florida|
|Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach metropolitan area||Greater Orlando||Florida Heartland||Everglades|
|Surf Coast/Fun Coast/Halifax Area||Florida Everglades||Gold Coast|
|Space Coast||Florida Suncoast||Florida Keys|
|Treasure Coast||Sarasota metropolitan area||Miami metropolitan area|
|Ten Thousand Islands|
List of Counties in FloridaThere are 67 counties in the U.S. state of Florida that is home to more than 21 million people.
Top 20 Largest Cities in Florida (by Population)
This is list of top 20 largest cities in Florida with populations above 100,000 as of 2021.
|5||St. Petersburg||Pinellas County||258,308|
|7||Port St. Lucie||St. Lucie County||204,851|
|9||Cape Coral||Lee County||194,016|
|10||Fort Lauderdale||Broward County||182,760|
|11||Pembroke Pines||Broward County||171,178|
|15||Coral Springs||Broward County||134,394|
|16||Palm Bay||Brevard County||119,760|
|17||West Palm Beach||Palm Beach County||117,415|
|20||Lehigh Acres||Lee County||114,287|
Longest Rivers in Florida
- 1.Chattahoochee River – 430 miles (690 km)
- 2. St. Johns River – 310 miles (500 km)
- 3. Suwannee River – 246 miles (396 km)
- 4. Ochlockonee River – 206 miles (332 km)
- 5. Alapaha River – 202 miles (325 km)
- 6. Conecuh River – 198 miles (319 km)
- 7. Pea River – 154 miles (248 km)
- 8. Indian River – 153 miles (246 km)
- 9. Choctawhatchee River – 141 miles (227 km)
- 10. Withlacoochee River (central Florida) – 141 miles (227 km)
- 1.Gulf Islands National Seashore, Gulf Breeze, FL and Ocean Springs, MS; 4,455,240 Visitors.
- 2. Canaveral National Seashore, Titusville and New Smyrna Beach; 1,451,225 Visitors.
- 3. Big Cypress National Preserve, Ochopee; 1,192,856 Visitors.
- 4. Timucuan Ecological & Historic Preserve, Jacksonville; 1,121,318 Visitors.
- 5. Everglades National Park, Miami, Naples and Homestead; 1,110,901 Visitors.
- North-South interstates include: Interstate 75, Interstate 95 and Interstate 275.
- East-West interstates include: Interstate 4 and Interstate 10.
- National Preserve- Big Cypress (Ochopee, FL)
- National Park- Biscayne (Miami, Key Biscayne & Homestead, FL)
- National Seashore - Canaveral (Titusville And New Smyrna Beach, FL)
- National Monument - Castillo De San Marcos (St. Augustine, FL)
- National Memorial - De Soto (Bradenton, FL)
- National Park - Dry Tortugas (Key West, FL)
- National Park - Everglades (Miami, Naples, And Homestead, FL)
- National Memorial - Fort Caroline (The Timucuan Preserve; Jacksonville, FL)
- National Monument - Fort Matanzas (St. Augustine, FL)
- National Seashore - Gulf Islands (Gulf Breeze, Florida And Ocean Springs, Mississippi , FL)
- Ecological & Historic Preserve - Timucuan (Jacksonville, FL)
Lakes in FloridaDead Lake, Lake Apopka, Lake George, Lake Harney, Lake Istokpoga, Lake Kissimmee, Lake Okeechobee and Lake Seminole.
Florida’s Top 5 National Parks
US Highways and State Routes includeRoute 1, Route 17, Route 19, Route 27, Route 29, Route 41, Route 90, Route 98, Route 129, Route 231, Route 301, Route 319, Route 331 and Route 441.
Florida Interstates Highways
Best Beaches in Florida25 most Popular beaches in florida are Clearwater Beach, Destin, Sanibel Island, Naples, St. Petersburg, FL, Siesta Key, Marco Island, Santa Rosa Beach, Fort Walton Beach, St. George Island, Islamorada, Amelia Island, Panama City Beach, Dry Tortugas National Park, Key West
National Parks in Florida
List of Ports in Florida
|Canaveral Port Authority||445 Challenger Road, Suite 301, Cape Canaveral, Florida 32920|
|Port Citrus||110 North Apopka Avenue, 2nd Floor, Administration, Inverness, Florida 34450|
|Port Everglades||1850 Eller Drive, Fort Lauderdale, Florida 33316|
|Port of Fernandina||OHPA of Nassau County, 86130 License Road, Fernandina Beach, Florida 32034|
|Port of Fort Pierce||1001 Harbor Street, Fort Pierce, Florida 34950|
|Port of Jacksonville||2831 Tallyrand Avenue, Jacksonville, Florida 32206|
|Port Key West||201 William Street, Key West, Florida 33040|
|Port Manatee||13604 Reeder Road, Palmetto, Florida 34221|
|Port of Miami||1015 North America Way, Miami, Florida 33132|
|Port of Palm Beach||One East 11th Street, Suite 600, Riviera Beach, Florida 33404|
|Port Panama City||One Seaport Drive, Panama City, Florida 32401|
|Port of Pensacola||700 South Barracks Street, Post Office Box 889, Pensacola, Florida 32594|
|Port of Port St. Joe||P.O. Box 745, Port St. Joe, Florida 32457|
|Port St. Petersburg||250 8th Avenue Southeast, St. Petersburg, Florida 33701|
|Port Tampa Bay||1101 Channelside Drive, Tampa, Florida 33602|