Florida Map, Map of Florida State, FL Map & Facts

Map of Florida - Florida also known as the Sunshine State, is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by Alabama, to the north by Georgia, and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean.

Map of Florida (FL) State With Ctitis, Highways, Rails

About Florida State

Florida is located in the southeastern portion of the United States. With two time zones (UTC -6:00 / -5:00 CT & UTC -5:00 / -4:00 ET), the state experiences varied climates all throughout the region. It has the longest coastline in the country, due to its borders - which are the Gulf of Mexico to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the straits of Florida to the south.

The southern part of the state is characterized by its large Hispanic community, with Miami being the largest Latin city in the world found north of Mexico. The state is the 3rd most populous state in the nation, with a population of over 21 million and the 8th most densely populated. It covers an area of Spanning 65,758 square miles (170,310 km2). There are 67 counties, 267 cities, 123 towns, and 21 villages in the U.S. state of Florida, a total of 411 incorporated municipalities.

Geography of Florida

Its borders are Alabama and Georgia to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Gulf of Mexico to the west, and the straits of Florida to its south. Its close proximity to the Bahamas and South American countries has created a unique culture that is quintessentially Florida, which is evident in the city of Miami.

Florida State Facts

State NameFlorida
NicknameSunshine State
CountryUnited States
ContinentNorth America
Capital CityTallahassee
Lagest cityJacksonville
AbbreviationFL, Fla. US-FL
State FlowerOrange Blossom
State BirdMockingbird
Joined the UnionMarch 3, 1845 (27th)
Area65,755 sq mi(170,304 km2) [Rank - 22nd]
TimezoneUTC -5.00 CDT (Exampel city- Pensacola)
UTC -4.00 EDT (Example City -Miami)
Population21,538,187 (2020 Census) - 3rd
Highest PointBritton Hill
Lowest PointAtlantic Ocean
LState Route27
AirportsOrlando International Airport- MCO (Orlando), Miami International Airport - MIA (Miami), Fort Lauderdale- Hollywood Int'l Airport -FLL (Fort Lauderdale), Tampa International Airport - TPA (Tampa), Southwest Florida International Airport - RSW (Fort Myers), Palm Beach International Airport - PBI (West Palm Beach), Jacksonville International Airport - JAX (Jacksonville)
Intercity railBrightline, Amtrak, rapid transit, commuter rail & intercity rail
Major Sports Team3 NFL teams, 2 MLB teams, 2 NBA teams, 2 NHL teams, and 2 MLS teams
Official Websitewww.myflorida.com

History of Florida

Its highest point is Britton Hill, which sits at 345 feet above sea level, making it the lowest high point in the entire country. It has a total of 19 metropolitan areas, with Miami being the largest in the state, and that of the entire southeast United States.

The first inhabitants of the state were the Paleo-Indians believed to reside in the region about 14,000 years ago, as archaeological evidence shows. When the first Europeans arrived in Florida in the 16th century, several American Indians settled in the region, some of which were the Apalache, the Tocobaga, Timucua, Calusa, and Tequesta. Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon is credited for being the first European to set foot in the region on April 2, 1513. He named the land La Florida, which means Flowery Land, due to the abundance of vegetation that was in bloom when he arrived during Easter.

Over the following hundred years, Florida was settled by the Spanish and the French. Great Britain was able to gain control over the region after the French were defeated and the Peace of Paris was implemented in 1763. Great Britain decided to separate the state to East Florida and West Florida.

The Spanish regained control over the 2 regions after the defeat of Britain by the colonies of America. By 1819, the East and West Florida regions were given to the United States for $5 million under the Adams-Onis Treaty, and became one single region once again. Florida achieved statehood on March 3, 1845.

Economy of Florida

Tourism is the biggest industry in Florida, followed by the agriculture sector. Florida's tourism consists of the best amusement parks in the world, high end beach front resorts, and national parks. The state is the biggest producers of citrus fruit, specifically oranges- which the state is known for. Other important industries include construction, life sciences, biomedicine, and international banking.

Travel Destinations in Florida

Over 60 million people visit the state each year. Due to its warm weather and hundreds of miles of coastline, people from all over the country and the world visit the state for its many tourist offerings. Among these popular tourist destinations are the amusement parks in Orlando, such as the Universal Orlando Resort, the Busch Gardens, and SeaWorld. Walt Disney World Resort is also located at Lake Buena Vista, contributing a major part in the state's tourism industry. It is the largest vacation resort in the entire world, complete with 4 major theme parks and over 20 hotels. Popular cities to visit are definitely Miami and St. Augustine. For the young tourist who wants to enjoy the best nightlife and art scene in the state, Miami boasts of vibrant cultures, beautiful beaches, a lively atmosphere in South Beach, art festivals, and its famous art deco architecture found all around the city.

For the tourist who wants a little bit of history, the city of St. Augustine offers cobble-stone streets, charming cafes and restos, museums, and horse-drawn carriages found in its Historic Center. Established in 1565 by the Spaniards, this city is the oldest continuous settlement in the country.

Regions of Florida

Florida's land is divided into eight regions: Florida Panhandle, North Central Florida, Northeast Florida, Central West Florida, Central Florida, Central East Florida, Southwest Florida and South Florida.

Florida PanhandleNorth Central FloridaNortheast FloridaCentral West Florida
Emerald CoastBig BendFirst CoastNature Coast
Forgotten CoastNature CoastJacksonville metropolitan areaTampa Bay Area
North FloridaNorth FloridaNorth FloridaFlorida Suncoast
Pensacola metropolitan areaGainesville metropolitan area Central Florida
Tallahassee metropolitan area  Greater Orlando
Central East FloridaCentral FloridaSouthwest FloridaSouth Florida
Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach metropolitan areaGreater OrlandoFlorida HeartlandEverglades
Surf Coast/Fun Coast/Halifax Area Florida EvergladesGold Coast
Space Coast Florida SuncoastFlorida Keys
Treasure Coast Sarasota metropolitan areaMiami metropolitan area
  Ten Thousand Islands

List of Counties in Florida

There are 67 counties in the U.S. state of Florida that is home to more than 21 million people.
AlachuaFranklinLeePinellas
BakerGadsdenLeonPolk
BayGilchristLevyPutnam
BradfordGladesLibertySanta Rosa
BrevardGulfMadisonSarasota
BrowardHamiltonManateeSeminole
CalhounHardeeMarionSt. Johns
CharlotteHendryMartinSt. Lucie
CitrusHernandoMiami-DadeSumter
ClayHighlandsMonroeSuwannee
CollierHillsboroughNassauTaylor
ColumbiaHolmesOkaloosaUnion
DeSotoIndian RiverOkeechobeeVolusia
DixieJacksonOrangeWakulla
DuvalJeffersonOsceolaWalton
EscambiaLafayettePalm BeachWashington
FlaglerLakePasco

Top 20 Largest Cities in Florida (by Population)

This is list of top 20 largest cities in Florida with populations above 100,000 as of 2021.

RankCityCountyPopulation
1JacksonvilleDuval County949,611
2MiamiMiami-Dade County442,241
3TampaHillsborough County384,959
4OrlandoOrange County307,573
5St. PetersburgPinellas County258,308
6HialeahMiami-Dade County223,109
7Port St. LucieSt. Lucie County204,851
8TallahasseeLeon County196,169
9Cape CoralLee County194,016
10Fort LauderdaleBroward County182,760
11Pembroke PinesBroward County171,178
12HollywoodBroward County153,067
13GainesvilleAlachua County141,085
14MiramarBroward County134,721
15Coral SpringsBroward County134,394
16Palm BayBrevard County119,760
17West Palm BeachPalm Beach County117,415
18ClearwaterPinellas County117,292
19BrandonHillsborough County114,626
20Lehigh AcresLee County114,287

Longest Rivers in Florida

  • 1.Chattahoochee River – 430 miles (690 km)
  • 2. St. Johns River – 310 miles (500 km)
  • 3. Suwannee River – 246 miles (396 km)
  • 4. Ochlockonee River – 206 miles (332 km)
  • 5. Alapaha River – 202 miles (325 km)
  • 6. Conecuh River – 198 miles (319 km)
  • 7. Pea River – 154 miles (248 km)
  • 8. Indian River – 153 miles (246 km)
  • 9. Choctawhatchee River – 141 miles (227 km)
  • 10. Withlacoochee River (central Florida) – 141 miles (227 km)
    • Lakes in Florida

      Dead Lake, Lake Apopka, Lake George, Lake Harney, Lake Istokpoga, Lake Kissimmee, Lake Okeechobee and Lake Seminole.

      Florida’s Top 5 National Parks

      • 1.Gulf Islands National Seashore, Gulf Breeze, FL and Ocean Springs, MS; 4,455,240 Visitors.
      • 2. Canaveral National Seashore, Titusville and New Smyrna Beach; 1,451,225 Visitors.
      • 3. Big Cypress National Preserve, Ochopee; 1,192,856 Visitors.
      • 4. Timucuan Ecological & Historic Preserve, Jacksonville; 1,121,318 Visitors.
      • 5. Everglades National Park, Miami, Naples and Homestead; 1,110,901 Visitors.

      US Highways and State Routes include

      Route 1, Route 17, Route 19, Route 27, Route 29, Route 41, Route 90, Route 98, Route 129, Route 231, Route 301, Route 319, Route 331 and Route 441.

      Florida Interstates Highways

      • North-South interstates include: Interstate 75, Interstate 95 and Interstate 275.
      • East-West interstates include: Interstate 4 and Interstate 10.

      Best Beaches in Florida

      25 most Popular beaches in florida are Clearwater Beach, Destin, Sanibel Island, Naples, St. Petersburg, FL, Siesta Key, Marco Island, Santa Rosa Beach, Fort Walton Beach, St. George Island, Islamorada, Amelia Island, Panama City Beach, Dry Tortugas National Park, Key West

      National Parks in Florida

      • National Preserve- Big Cypress (Ochopee, FL)
      • National Park- Biscayne (Miami, Key Biscayne & Homestead, FL)
      • National Seashore - Canaveral (Titusville And New Smyrna Beach, FL)
      • National Monument - Castillo De San Marcos (St. Augustine, FL)
      • National Memorial - De Soto (Bradenton, FL)
      • National Park - Dry Tortugas (Key West, FL)
      • National Park - Everglades (Miami, Naples, And Homestead, FL)
      • National Memorial - Fort Caroline (The Timucuan Preserve; Jacksonville, FL)
      • National Monument - Fort Matanzas (St. Augustine, FL)
      • National Seashore - Gulf Islands (Gulf Breeze, Florida And Ocean Springs, Mississippi , FL)
      • Ecological & Historic Preserve - Timucuan (Jacksonville, FL)

      List of Ports in Florida

      PortsAddress
      Canaveral Port Authority445 Challenger Road, Suite 301, Cape Canaveral, Florida 32920
      Port Citrus110 North Apopka Avenue, 2nd Floor, Administration, Inverness, Florida 34450
      Port Everglades1850 Eller Drive, Fort Lauderdale, Florida 33316
      Port of FernandinaOHPA of Nassau County, 86130 License Road, Fernandina Beach, Florida 32034
      Port of Fort Pierce1001 Harbor Street, Fort Pierce, Florida 34950
      Port of Jacksonville2831 Tallyrand Avenue, Jacksonville, Florida 32206
      Port Key West201 William Street, Key West, Florida 33040
      Port Manatee 13604 Reeder Road, Palmetto, Florida 34221
      Port of Miami1015 North America Way, Miami, Florida 33132
      Port of Palm BeachOne East 11th Street, Suite 600, Riviera Beach, Florida 33404
      Port Panama CityOne Seaport Drive, Panama City, Florida 32401
      Port of Pensacola700 South Barracks Street, Post Office Box 889, Pensacola, Florida 32594
      Port of Port St. JoeP.O. Box 745, Port St. Joe, Florida 32457
      Port St. Petersburg250 8th Avenue Southeast, St. Petersburg, Florida 33701
      Port Tampa Bay1101 Channelside Drive, Tampa, Florida 33602
      Edited by: Siddhi | Updated On: April 16, 2022