Where is Taiwan?

Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), Taiwan, an island nation in East Asia, between the East China Sea in the north and the South China Sea in the south, China to the northwest, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south. It lies between latitudes 23.30° North and longitudes 121.00° East.

Location Map of Taiwan

Where is Taiwan Located?

The given Taiwan location map shows that Taiwan is located in the eastern part of Asia. Taiwan map also shows that Taiwan is an island country in the western Pacific Ocean. Taiwan is separated from the mainland of China by Taiwan Strait and Luzon Strait Separates Taiwan form Philippines in the south. South China Sea lies in the south of the country and East China Sea lies in the north of the country. The climate type of Taiwan is marine tropical.

The capital city of Taiwan is Taipei. The government type of Taiwan is democratic republic. Under this political system, the head of government is the president elected by popular vote for a four-year term.

The economy of the country is fast growing and highly advanced; likewise, largely depends upon the trade and business, finance, and advanced industries. However, the contribution of agriculture in the GDP is merely about 2 percent.

Largest cities and special municipalities in Taiwan

1New TaipeiNew Taipei City4,000,164
2TaichungTaichung City2,809,004
3KaohsiungKaohsiung City2,773,229
4TaipeiTaipei City2,661,317
5TaoyuanTaoyuan City2,230,653
6TainanTainan City1,883,078
7HsinchuHsinchu City446,701
8KeelungKeelung City369,820
9ChiayiChiayi City268,474
10ChanghuaChanghua County232,505

Taiwan Country Facts & Profile

RegionEast Asia
BordersChina, Japan, Philippines
Largest CityNew Taipei City
National LanguageStandard Chinese
LocationEastern part of Asia
Coordinates23.6978° N, 120.9605° E
Area36,197 km2 (13,976 sq mi)
Population23,906,450 (56th) (2022 August Data)
Religion35.1% Buddhism, 33.0% Taoism, 26.7% No religion, 3.9% Christianity, 1.3% Others
CurrencyNew Taiwan dollar (NT$) (TWD)
China ISO Country codeTW
Calling code+886
Climatediverse; ranges from tropical in south to subarctic in north
Time zoneUTC+8 (National Standard Time)
Administrative Regions22 subnational divisions
Major AirportTaiwan Taoyuan International Airport (IATA: TPE, ICAO: RCTP)
Highest pointYushan 12,966-foot
Lowest pointChina Sea
Longest riverZhuoshui River
Largest lakeFei-ts'ui Reservoir
Internet TLD.tw, .台灣
GovernmentTsai Ing-wen
President.cn .hk(Hong Kong).mo(Macau)
Vice PresidentLai Ching-te
Official Websitewww.taiwan.gov.tw

History of Taiwan - Timeline

  • Early settlement (to 1683)
  • Qing rule (1683–1895)
  • Japanese rule (1895–1945)
  • Republic of China (1945–1949)
  • Republic of China on Taiwan (1949–present)

Best Places to Visit in Taiwan

The top attractions to visit in Taiwan are: Taipei, Kaohsiung City, Sun Moon Lake, Taroko National Park, Tainan, Lukang, Alishan National Scenic Area, Kaohsiung, Wulai, Kinmen Islands, Kenting National Park, Tainan City, Taichung City, Yangmingshan National park, National Palace Museum, National Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall, TAIPEI 101, Lungshan Temple, Shilin Night Market and Raohe Night Market.