Great Pyramid of Giza
The Great Pyramid of Giza is the biggest pyramid in Egypt, which is the tomb of the Fourth Dynasty pharaoh Khufu. It was constructed in the early 26th Century BC. The construction of the pyramid took around 27 years to complete. The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
The Great Pyramid of Giza is situated on the Giza plateau close to the contemporary city of Cairo. The Great Pyramid was the largest man-made building in the world for more than 3,800 years at its original height was of 146.6 meters (481 ft). The majority of the pyramid's smooth white limestone casing was gradually removed, bringing down the height of the structure to its current 138.5 meters (454.4 ft). The length of each side of the Great Pyramid of Giza at its base is 755.75 feet (230 metres. The Great Pyramid of Giza is made out of nearly two million stone blocks. Some of these blocks are so massive in size and weight that it appears logistically impossible to lift them and place them so perfectly.
The Great Pyramid of Giza has three recognized chambers. The pyramid's base was cut into the bedrock, but the lowest level was left incomplete. The top chambers in the pyramidal design are called Queen's Chamber and King's Chamber, which each contain granite sarcophagi.
The Great Pyramid of Giza entrance is on the north side, about 59 feet (18 meters) above ground level. It is connected to a sloped corridor that descends through the masonry of the interior of the pyramid, cuts through the stony earth upon which the construction is built, and ends in an incomplete underground chamber. The Queen's Chamber and a lengthy, slanting gallery measuring 151 feet (46 meters) in length can be reached via an ascending passageway that branches off the descending corridor. A long, narrow passage at the top of this gallery leads to the actual burial room, also known as the King's Chamber.
The fact that the pyramids were created as structures to hold the pharaohs' graves serves as a reminder of the ancient Egyptians' celebration of life beyond death. Death was considered to be just the start of a journey to the afterlife. That's why pyramids are so special and one of them is the Great Pyramid of Giza.