The Banaue Rice Terraces are located in the province of Ifugao in the northern part of Luzon Island, Philippines. Specifically, they are situated in the Cordillera Central mountain range in the Luzon highlands. The terraces are primarily found in the municipalities of Banaue, Hapao, Hungduan, Mayoyao, and Kiangan.
Location Map of Banaue Rice Terraces,
About Banaue Rice Terraces
The Banaue Rice Terraces are a magnificent and expansive agricultural landscape located in the province of Ifugao in the northern part of Luzon Island, Philippines. They are often referred to as the "Eighth Wonder of the World" due to their grandeur and historical significance.
The terraces were carved into the mountainsides by the indigenous Ifugao people more than 2,000 years ago using rudimentary tools and manual labor. These terraces were designed to maximize the use of the steep terrain for rice cultivation, creating an intricate network of terraced fields that stretch for approximately 10,360 square kilometers (4,000 square miles).
The Banaue Rice Terraces are a remarkable example of sustainable agriculture, as they demonstrate the Ifugao people's ability to cultivate crops in an environmentally friendly manner. The terraces utilize a sophisticated irrigation system called the "huwatom," which involves diverting water from nearby forests and streams to irrigate the fields. This system ensures a constant supply of water for rice cultivation.
The terraces not only serve as productive agricultural fields but also hold immense cultural value for the Ifugao people. They are a testament to their ancestors' engineering skills, as well as their deep connection with the land and their sustainable way of life. The Ifugao people continue to maintain and cultivate the terraces, preserving their heritage and traditional farming practices.
Due to their outstanding cultural and natural value, the Banaue Rice Terraces were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1995. The terraces attract tourists from around the world who come to admire their breathtaking beauty, learn about the Ifugao culture, and appreciate the incredible human achievements behind their creation. The terraces stand as a testament to the harmonious relationship between humans and nature.