List of Southern European Countries and Capitals

Southern Europe is the southern region of Europe. Also known as Mediterranean Europe, comprises fifteen countries; Albania, Andorra, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Gibraltar, Greece, Holy See (The Vatican), Italy, Malta, Montenegro, Portugal, San Marino, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

List of Southern European Countries and Capitals

List of Southern European countries and their capitals along with area, population and language details. Southern European countries are Spain, Italy, Greece, Croatia etc.

CountryCapitalArea (sq miles)Population (2012)Official LanguageCountry CodeLat long
AlbaniaTirana 11,1003.162 million Albanian 35541.0000° N, 20.0000° E
AndorraAndorra la Vella 180.778,360 Catalan 37642.5583° N, 1.5553° E
Bosnia and HerzegovinaSarajevo 19,7413.834 million Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian 38744.0000° N, 18.0000° E
CroatiaZagreb 21,851 square miles 4.267 million Croatian 38545.2500° N, 15.4667° E
GibraltarGibraltar2.6 square miles 29,436 English 35036.1430° N, 5.3530° W
GreeceAthens 50,942 square miles 11.28 million Greek 3039.0000° N, 22.0000° E
Holy SeeVatican City 109 acres 798Italian, English, French, German, and Spanish 37941.9040° N, 12.4530° E
ItalyRome 116,30560.92 million Italian 3943.0000° N, 12.0000° E
MaltaValletta 122418,366 English, Maltese35635.8833° N, 14.5000° E
MontenegroPodgorica 5,333621,081 Montenegrin 38242.7667° N, 19.2167° E
PortugalLisbon 35,51610.53 million Portuguese 35138.7000° N, 9.1833° W
San MarinoSan Marino23.6331,247 Italian 37843.9333° N, 12.4667° E
SerbiaBelgrade 34,1167.224 million Serbian 38143.8167° N, 21.1333° E
SloveniaLjubljana 7,8272.058 million Slovenian 38646.1500° N, 15.0500° E
SpainMadrid 195,36447.27 million Spanish3440.4169° N, 3.7036° W
MacedoniaSkopje  2.106 million Macedonian 38941.6000° N, 21.7000° E

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Southern Europe Countries

The southern part of Europe is known as southern Europe. As the Mediterranean Sea largely defines its geography, it is sometimes referred to as Mediterranean Europe. Some or all of the following nations and areas are included in definitions of Southern Europe viz Albania, Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Turkey, Gibraltar, Greece, Italy, Kosovo, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Serbia, Slovenia, Southern France, Spain, and Vatican City. The three peninsulas that make up southern Europe are its central focus. They are situated in the very south of the European continent. The Balkan Peninsula, the Apennine Peninsula, and the Iberian Peninsula fall within this category. The Pyrenees, the Alps, and the Balkan Mountains are each a vast mountain range that separates these three peninsulas from the rest of Europe.

Two of the most significant civilizations originated from Southern European Countries. One of history's most technologically and culturally advanced cultures was ancient Greece. All current European alphabets can be traced back to its alphabet. On the other hand, ancient Rome had a profound influence on Western conceptions of the military, the state, and the law. Modern Western judicial systems are built on the laws and court systems of this region.

The three largest Southern European Countries are Spain, Italy and Greece. Spain stands in the first position in terms of area with 505,370 square kilometres. Italy is in second position and Greece is in third position with 301,340 and 131,957 square kilometres respectively. The three smallest Southern European Countries by area are Vatican City, San Marino and Malta.

The three most populated Southern European Countries are Italy, Spain and Grace. Italy ranks first in terms of population with 60,297,400. Spain with the population of 47, 076,78 is in second position and Greece is in the third position with 10,716,320. The least populated Southern European Country is Vatican City.