Greenland is the world's largest island and an autonomous Danish dependent territory, located between the Arctic and Atlantic oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago in North America. It is between latitudes 59° and 83°N, and longitudes 11° and 74°W.
Greenland Location Map
Where is Greenland Located?
Greenland is located east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago of North America continent.
Physiographically, Greenland is part of North America continent but it is an autonomous territory of Kingdom of Denmark, a European country. The water bodies lying around the region are Arctic Ocean in the north, Greenland Sea in the east, Denmark Strait in the south-east (it separates Greenland from Iceland), and in the south Labrador Sea lies. However, in the western side Davis Strait and Baffin Bay separate Greenland from Canada.
The region also famous with the name Kalaallit Nunaat, it means "Land of the Greenlanders." Politically, the region is an autonomous country within the sovereignty of Denmark. Greenland came under Danish sovereignty in the year 1814, before it, Greenland was under the rule of Denmark-Norway for centuries. With the Constitution of Denmark in the year 1953, Greenland lastly became a part of Denmark. And the treaty that has taken place between them is known as Rigsfællesskabet (Commonwealth of the Realm) in Danish.
However, in the year 1979 Denmark approved home rule to Greenland. Furthermore, in 2008, Greenland voted to have more powers to the local government. Hence, now Denmark regulates only foreign affairs, security, and financial policy. Besides, it also provides a subsidy of DKK 3.4 billion annually.
Moreover, the Greenland map shows that it lies partly in the temperate and partly in the arctic region hence the climate is tundra and continental type with extreme cold and short summer. Since temperature remains very low most the months hence, only southern part of the Greenland has human habitation and northern region is almost uninhabited. The local people largely depend upon the hunting and gathering. But nowadays, due to Greenland tourism and scientific research the economy and other infrastructure have been developed.
Greenland is a beautiful place to visit during any season, the top Attractions in Greenland are lulissat Ice-fjord, Whale Watching, Nuuk and the Greenland National Museum, The Northern Lights (Aurora Borealis), Uunartoq Hot Springs, Qaqortoq Museum, Viking Ruins, Sermermiut Eskimo Settlement, Exploring by Boat and Ferries, Tasiilaq, East Greenland, Dog Sledding and Snowmobile Tours, Walking on the Ice Cap from Kangerlussuaq.
Greenland - Quick Facts
|Sovereign state||Kingdom of Denmark|
|Location||Located between the Arctic and Atlantic oceans|
|Coordinates||836,109 sq mi|
|Border Countries||Greenland shares maritime borders with Canada, Iceland, and Norway.|
|Administrative divisions||4 municipalities|
|Area||2,166,086 km2 (836,330 sq mi)|
|Population||56,081 ( (January 2020 Estimate)|
|Official Language||Greenlandic (East Inuit), Danish, English|
|Currency||Danish krone (DKK)|
|ISO Alpha-2 Code||GL|
|ISO Alpha-3 Code||GRL|
|Climate||Arctic to subarctic|
|Highest point:||Gunnbjorn 3 700 m|
|Time Zone||(UTC+0 to -4)|
|Airports||Kangerlussuaq Airport (SFJ), Nuuk Airport (GOH), Ilulissat Airport (JAV)|
Largest cities in Greenland